Introduction to PIC – PIC Microcontroller Tutorials – Welcome to the start of the PIC Tutorial. Below is a diagram showing the pin-outs of the PIC 16F We will. This tutorial assumes you have a PIC16F84 device programmer for Step 2 above. .. PC and PIC // – PIC sends message to PC serially #include 16F Introduction to Microcontrollers – Getting Started with PIC16F84A In this article, I will be explaining PIC16F84A – an eight bit microcontroller from Microchip.

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This is what really goes on “under the hood” of microcontrollers. The PIC16F84 assembly code for this follows. We will go through each pin, explaining what each is used for.

Once you have learnt how to program one type of PIC, learning the rest is tutoriall. These are RISC microcontrollers with 35 instructions. Also, there will be suggestions on how to modify the code so that you can adapt the PIC to suit your applications within Cybot. Below is a diagram showing the pin-outs of the PIC 16F To start, let us take a look at the PIC. If the pin goes high, we can cause the program to restart, stop or any other single function we desire. These pins is where we connect an external tutprial, so that the microcontroller has some kind of timing.

The resulting HEX file hellodip.

Electroneg AS: PICF84A Tutorial

This converts the program that you write into a format that the PIC understands. It differs between them but all have “vectors” that point to particular memory locations during resets and interrupts. Either method will do, as they both result in the same thing – program a PIC. By releasing the ZIF socket’s lever, the chip is easily removed by hand. Here I’ll start with hardware interrupts, which add incredible power to these low-cost devices.


It behaves in exactly the same way as RA, except there are 8 – bits involved. I use that part because it’s easier to illustrate, but everything here applies to other PICs that simply have more interrupt devices to choose from.

This is often referred to hutorial a “flag” bit for testing. Although only 5 DIP positions are used because Port A has only 16f844a digital linesall eight were wired. This is a general discussion of hardware interrupts. Now, you want to know how to program the PIC, but apart from learning the assembly code 16f884a, how do you go about actually programming the information in?

There are various sizes available, which come with their own costs. The PIC can send or receive 8-bit values at prescribed intervals baud rate. INT This is an input pin which can be monitored. There are many different flavours available, some basic low memory types, going right up through to ones that have Analogue – To- Digital converters and even PWM built in.

CCS C code Note: That is, it can be configured as an input or an output. The following C equivalent for count.

I’ll be looking direct examples of what we just discussed elsewhere. There are only 35 instructions to learn, and it is the cheapest way to program the PICs, as you do not need any extra software other than the freebies. These pages will take you form the basic structure of the device, right through to programming methods and techniques. This is another clock input, which operates an internal timer. If you want to look at the datasheet, then this can be downloaded from Microchips’ web site.


Closing the lever securely fixes the chip in the socket. The left photo below shows a part layout that works well. Some highlights and clarifications towards circuit construction are given next. For example setting the first five DIP positions high places in binary 31 in decimal on Port A.

Introduction to PIC Microcontroller

The resulting HEX file helloLed. We will not be including any internal architecture diagrams, as this may only lead to confusion. You can see the range of their microcontrollers here. It operates in isolation to the main clock.

The ASM code follows: The PC run a terminal program like Windows’ Hyperterminal. If one has done Arduino programming the above should be somewhat familiar.

Electroneg / Electronics AS

Software for programming the PIC can also be downloaded from this site, under Download If you want to go down an easier route, then check out this site. The number following RA is the bit number 0 to 4.

Successful compiles will generate syLed. Typically the PC’s serial port has a DB9 male connector. The schematic and constructing the circuit are relatively straight-forward.