A Comparative Analysis of Internal and External Credit Ratings: Impact on Mid-Market Companies in Germany
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Description : Bachelor Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Business economics – Investment and Finance, grade: 1,5, EBS European Business School gGmbH, language: English, abstract: The text contains a ‘Comparative Analysis of Internal and External Credit Ratings’. It compares and explains both concept, and concludes what impact both have on the Mid-Market Companies in Germany.In 2012, mid-market companies (KMU) based in Germany generated revenues of 2,149.0 billion Euros. They are responsible for 35,3% of all revenues generated in Germany. These mid-market companies employed 15.97 million people, a workforce of 59,6% of all employees in Germany (IFM Bonn, 2014). Clearly, mid-market companies are elementary for the German economy. To continue to be a primary motor of the economy, they need sufficient funding. Nevertheless, financing for mid-market companies in Germany will become more difficult. Standard Poorrsquo;s Ratings Services (2015, pp. 2-3) estimated that European mid-market companies are going to have difficulties to meet their financing needs, as banks reduce their lending to the mid-market sector as consequence of stricter regulations. Especially, smaller mid-market companies face problems to access credit loans (Standard Poor’s Financial Services LLC, 2014, p. 3). The reason for these difficulties is the implementation of Basel III. Financial institutions have to deleverage their business during the next years (Zainzinger, 2013). The problem is that mid-market companies traditionally relied on bank funding. Especially German mid-market companies relied on credit loans from financial institutions (Huber Simmert, 2007, p. 167-196). The new regulations for deleveraging create a ldquo;scarcity of finance for European companiesrdquo;; it will generate an acute financing problem for mid-market companies (Dimitrijevic Wade, 2014, pp. 1-2). In 2013, the German mid-market financing gap already amounted to 38,9 billion Euros (KfW, 2014, p. 7). Therefore, these companies have to find new funding sources. They have to find solutions to improve the access to external financing. Credit ratings provide an opportunity to help in this process. The existence of credit ratings is widely known. They often appear in several newspapers, and magazines (Handelsblatt, 2014). Nevertheless, various mid-market companies cannot estimate the impact and importance of credit ratings. Specifically, differences between internal credit and external ratings are often unclear. […]
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