interests as such, the rhetoric of anti-anthropocentrism is counterproductive in Anthropocentrism, widely used as a term of criticism in environmental ethics .. to offer an alternative to either anthropocentrism or biocentrism, is ecocentrism Volume 5, Issue 3, Fall Richard A. Watson. Pages DOI: / enviroethics A Critique of Anti-Anthropocentric Biocentrism. Watson: A Critique of Anti-Anthropocentric Biocentrism study guide by Ma_Rinaldi includes 9 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards.

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Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. The term has also been employed by advocates of ” left biocentrism”, which combines deep ecology with an ” anti-industrial and anti-capitalist ” position according to David Orton et al. In Hinduism, humans have no special authority over other creatures, and criitque living things have souls ‘ atman ‘.

In the words of Mahavira: It is believed that one lives 84, lifetimes before one becomes a human. Case studies in environmental ethics.

Richard A. Watson, A Critique of Anti-Anthropocentric Biocentrism – PhilPapers

The Ontological Foundations of Ecological Ethics. Ame Naess, John Rodman, George Sessions, and others, designated herein as ecosophers, propose an egalitarian anti-anthropocentric biocentrism as a basis for a new environmental ethic. Environmental Ethics 5 3: Each species is in this process of samsara until one attains moksha liberation.


Van Rensselaer Potter – – Ethics and the Environment 1 2: Another essential Jain teaching is self-restraint.

The Buddha ‘s teachings encourage people “to live simply, to cherish tranquility, to appreciate the natural cycle of life. Ecocentrism, on the other hand, takes a more holistic approach, giving moral priority to species and ecosystems rather than the individuals that compose them.


Although they are similar in many ways, biocentrism and ecocentrism are two distinct ethical viewpoints. It is still popularly believed that every tree has a Vriksa-devata a crituque deity. Biocentrism does not imply the idea of equality among the animal kingdom, for no such notion can be observed in nature. No keywords specified fix it.

In Islam, biocentric ethics stem from the belief that all of bilcentrism belongs to Allah Godnot humans, and to assume that non-human animals and plants exist merely to benefit humankind leads to environmental destruction and misuse. Biocentrism ethics For the cosmological concept, see biocentric universe. Trees are ritually worshiped through prayer, offerings, and the sacred thread ceremony. Articles lacking reliable references from December All articles lacking reliable references CS1 maint: Another doctrinal source for the equal treatment of all life is found in the Rigveda.

The ocean, the sky, the air are all interrelated, and interdependent—water is life and air is life.

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Biocentrism (ethics)

Retrieved 29 October Singer, “All Animals Are Equal ” “. Uncontrolled human behavior might lead to the destruction ofthe environment and thus to the extinction of human beings. History of Western Philosophy. Therefore, he suggests that the real reason humans should reduce their destructive anti-athropocentric in relation to other species is not because we are equals but because the destruction of other species will also result in our own destruction.

Nature as a Moral Resource. Archived from the original on 5 February What Does Jainism teach us about ecology? Historian Donald Worster traces today’s biocentric philosophies, which he sees as part of a recovery of a sense of kinship between man and natureto the reaction by the British intelligencia of the Victorian era against the Christian ethic of dominion over nature.

Biocentric thought is anti-anthropicentric, not human-based. John Mizzoni – – Anti-anthropocengric and the Environment 13 1: Jainism encourages people to practice an attitude of compassion towards all life.