ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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He is known as al-Ustdadh, ‘the Master’. The Chronology of Ancient Nations: He has also made considerable contribution to several aspects of physical and economic geography in this book.

Translated by Berjak, Rafik. I do think if one talk about effect of temperature on marine life, then the solubility of oxygen and carbon… Many consider Al-Biruni one of the greatest scientists in history, and especially of Islam because of his discoveries and methodology. He did not seem to disprove any, but to understand them all and the common themes that flow through them.

Sell images Our Blog. The inscriptions on the sword invoke Allah, the Prophet Muhammad, and ‘Ali. Retrieved 10 November Thank You for Your Contribution! SachauChronology, xivxviin the suburb birun of Kath, capital of Khwarizm He spent much of his life in Ghaznithen capital of the Ghaznavid dynastyin modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan.

He documented different bodies of water and other natural phenomena. He also used raihwn to detail longitudes and latitudes on Earth and discussed the formation of mountains. We know that the Persian era in the valley of the Nile flourished in B.

The dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni was remarkable for its time. Little is known of his early life. Discover some of the most interesting and trending gaihan of His enthusiasm for knowledge may be judged from his claim that the phrase Allah is Omniscient does not justify ignorance.


Al-Biruni – Wikipedia

Ar-rayhan-al-biruni Open replica book of Biruni’s astronomical encyclopaedia ‘Kitab at-Qanun al-Mas’udi’, showing planetary motions. Even though Islam did influence his al-biguni, he did acknowledge the role of the raihah. His descriptions of India were so complete that even the Aein-i-Akbari written by Abu-al- Fadal during the reign of Akbar, years later, owes a great deal to al-Biruni’s book.

Although he tried to stay away from political and military history, Biruni did indeed record important dates and noted actual sites of where significant battles occurred. Chorasmian, the original Iranian language of Chorasmia, is attested at two stages of its development. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: The classical results of Archimedes in the theory of the centre of gravity were generalized and applied to three-dimensional bodies, the theory of ponderable lever was founded and the ‘science of gravity’ was created and later further developed in medieval Europe.

Please try again later. Biruni also came up with different hypotheses about heat and light.

He lived during the Islamic Golden Agein which scholarly thought went hand in hand al-biryni the thinking and methodology of the Islamic religion.

Biruni documented everything about India just as it happened. In the latter work, for example, is the most elaborate treatment of the Jewish calendar —more extensive than any surviving medieval Hebrew source and much more scientifically reasoned than any other treatment that this calendar had received up to that time.

Al-Biruni biography

He was the first to undertake experiments related to astronomical phenomena. Historical Eclipses and Earth’s Rotation. Little is known of his personal life, but what is known is mostly found through his writings rather than stories about him.

He said this in the context of demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even when it was being directed at him. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Al-Biruni’s Discovery of India: Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physicsmathematicsastronomyand natural sciencesand also distinguished himself as a historianchronologist and linguist. Babylonian astronomy Egyptian astronomy Hellenistic astronomy Indian astronomy.


Ahmed concluded that Al-Biruni can be considered as the first Anthropologist, [46] however, others argue that he hardly can be considered an anthropologist in the conventional sense.

Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary ab high school students. He ascertained that as compared with the speed of sound the speed of light is immense.


Sparavigna, published in ijsciences, http: Journal for the History of Astronomy. But, he did note how some of the accounts of information that he was given by natives of the land may not have been reliable in terms of complete accuracy, however, he did try to be as honest as possible in his writing. It was only hundreds of years later in the West, that his books became read and referenced again, especially his book on India which became relevant to the British Empire’s activity in India from the 17th century.

He died in A. Besides astronomy, Al-Biruni had many contributions to physics, where he unified ak-biruni and dynamics in the science of mechanics.

He is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist.