Ahmad Ibn Fadlan chronicled the voyage of an embassy sent from Ibn Fadlan’s Risalah is considered the only extant firsthand account of the. Ahmad Ibn Fadlan met with the Vikings in Volga Bulgaria. His chronicle called Risala includes detailed information and observations about them. The travel. But perhaps the most memorable passages in the Risala, his account of his journeys, concern the Varangians, In , the Arab traveler Ahmad ibn Fadlan (fl.

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At night come dogs and eat it all. These four hundred sit below his throne, which is huge and studded with precious stones. Probably, this acquaintance also induced him to draw the catalogue of the Meshkhed library. A group among them formed the famous Varangian Guard of the Byzantine Emperors.

I and my co-journers Takin, Susan ihn Baris, and with us a man of the malik’s retinue, came and in a certain place between trees, and he showed us a little bush, small, green, and so thin as a spindle, but with a longer blade.

The malik of the Turk Guzzes is called Yabgu or truer it is a title of the ruler, and everyone who reigns above this tribe, is called with this title. So, next night, I sat outside of the tent and observed the sky, and saw there only few stars, I think like fifteen stars, fdlan of low darkness, so at night a man recognizes another man from a distance fad,an than a flight of arrow.

He news about four thousand dinars reached him, and what was the trick of the Christian for their delay. And nobody can copulate with his wife until the bride money, ahmax with her woman owner, is paid. You see their houses once in one place, then the same houses in another place, as do the nomads in their coaching; and here they are in a pitiful position.


Ahmad ibn Fadlan

The Caspian is by far the world’s largest inland lake, atsquare milessquare kmor about the size of Montana. I asked him what he said, and he replied, “He said, ‘You Arabs are a foolish lot!

Then we crossed after that the river Djamalso in the road bags, then we crossed Djahashthen Adalthen Ardanthen Varishthen Adal Ahti, then Vabnaand all these are big rivers. At the same time they are as wandering donkeys, do not submit to Allah, do not use a reason and do not worship anything, but call their oldest their lords.

They did not give it any significance, and he malik said: They spent the winter in Jurjaniya before traveling north across the Ural River until they reached the towns of the Bulghars at the three lakes of the Volga north of the Samara bend.

This is no surprise since these differences are more eye-catching. Sometimes he copulates with one of them in the presence of the companions whom we mentioned above.

Source In his Rihla travel narrativeIbn Fadlan, who in the tenth century, accompanied a mission from the Caliph al-Muktadir to the Volga Bulgars, describes his experiences and the people and places he visited; the Khazzars, and the manners and customs of the Rus.

From the very beginning Ibn-Fadlan designated with word “As-Sakaliba” the inhabitants of the Bulgarian kingdom. As a growing number of scholars have observed, there seemed to be a political agreement between the Bulghar king and the Abbasid caliph. In the end, Ibn Fadlan’s Risala is an important source as one of the earliest written documents regarding ahamd encounter of Muslims with Vikings in Volga Bulgaria.

Indeed they are like wandering donkeys. In their woods is a lot of honey in the risalq of bees, which they inhabitants know and are go for gathering it, and sometimes people from among their enemies attack them inhabitantsso they kill them. When they rose in the morning, the camels were dead from the cold.


And they are addicted to nabidthey drink it night and in the afternoon, sometimes one of them dies holding a bowl in dadlan hand.

The maliks were on his right side, he ordered us to sit on his left side, while his children sat in front of him, and he alone on a throne covered with Byzantian parcha.

The Travels of Ibn Fadlan | Muslim Heritage

It was used by Zeyppel. Then he again wanted to move and sent to the people called Savan i. He did it and paid to the Turk with sheep for what he did with his son, and paid Kudarkin four hundred rams that he has removed from him the punishmentand left from the country of the Turks.

They do not know fornication, but if they find out anything about somebody, they favlan off him in two halves, namely: About them dinars was mentioning in the letter. I, and the ambassador, and the brother of his sister, and two youths Takin and Faris. Really, one of them, who has already accepted Islam, was with us and served us, and I saw one louse in his clothes, he crushed it with his nail, and then ate it.

So, they climb high trees between which it is. They do not clear of excrements and from urine, and do not wash from the sexual uncleanness and do not do other similar things. Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery.

Each woman wears on either breast a box of ironsilvercopperor gold ; the value of the box indicates the wealth of the husband. When we crossed them, we came to a tribe of the Abmad known under a name al-Guzziya.