cattle-breeding and trade), and Danda-Niti (science of government) are what are called the four sciences. The school of Manu (Manava) hold that there are only. अर्थशास्त्र, हिंदी, संस्कृत, नीति, ramavatar vidyabhashkar, chanakya, kautilya, chandragupta maurya, india, bharat, arth shastra, hindi, neeti, . Read Kautilya’s Arthashastra book reviews & author details and more at Amazon. in. Kautilya’s Arthashastra Paperback – 28 Dec by . Chanakya Neeti.

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The entire book has about 5, sentences on politics, governance, welfare, economics, protecting key officials and king, gathering intelligence about hostile states, forming strategic alliances, and conduct of war, exclusive of its table of contents and the last epilogue-style book.

He was educated at Takshashila, an ancient centre of learning located in north-western ancient India present-day Pakistan.

However, if she marries a man her father arranges or approves of, she has the right to take the ornaments with her. Arthashastra states that forests be protected and recommends that the state treasury be used to feed animals such as horses and elephants that are too old for work, sick or injured.

The aim of this was to prevent the Emperor from being poisoned by enemies. It is free for everyone! Views Read Edit View history. Chanakya was born in a Brahmin family. DuringJulius Jolly and Richard Schmidt published a new edition of the text, which was based on a Malayalam script manuscript in the Bavarian State Library. The Arthashastra, in Topic 6, describes checks and continuous measurement, in secret, of the integrity and lack of integrity of all ministers and high officials in the kingdom.

Kautilya’s Arthashastra depicts a bureaucratic welfare state, in fact some kind of socialized monarchy, in which the central government administers the details of the economy for the common good Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad. Kangle published a critical edition of the text, based on all the available manuscripts.


Arthashastra and Chanakya Niti

Part of a series on. The Arthashastra discusses a mixed economy, where private enterprise and state enterprise frequently competed side by side, arthahastra agriculture, animal husbandry, forest produce, mining, manufacturing and trade.

Part ntii a series on Hindu scriptures and texts Shruti Smriti Vedas. As such, chaanakya is considered as the pioneer of the field of political science and economics in India, and his work is thought of as an important precursor to classical economics. Takshashila and Pataliputra present-day Patna in Bihar, India.

Chanakya also developed Neeti-Sutras aphorisms — pithy sentences that tell people how they should behave. The text also outlines the duties of a ruler.

Arthashastra – Wikipedia

Celebrated as a shrewd statesman and a ruthless administrator, he comes across as the greatest of diplomats of the world. Kumud Mookerji states that the text may be a picture of actual conditions in Kautilya’s times.

It opens by stating that wherever “good people are snubbed, and evil people are embraced” distress increases. The same individual is meant in each case.

The Arthashastra then posits its own theory that there are four necessary fields of knowledge, the Vedasthe Anvikshaki philosophy of SamkhyaYoga and Lokayata[note 2] the science of government and the science of economics Varta of agriculture, cattle and trade.

A notable structure of the treatise is that while all chapters are primarily prose, each transitions into a poetic verse towards its end, as a marker, a style that is found in many ancient Hindu Sanskrit texts where the changing poetic meter or style of writing is used as a syntax code to arthashasta signal that the chapter or section is ending.


The text is an ancient treatise written in 1st millennium BCE Sanskrit, coded, dense and can be interpreted in many ways, with English and Sanskrit being grammatically and syntactically different languages.

The text discusses marriage and consent laws in Books 3 and 4. The chapter 2 of Book 3 of Arthashastra legally recognizes eight types arthashaastra marriage.

Then Sadgunya six forms of non-war pressure. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. The just and victorious king administers justice in accordance with Chxnakya established lawSanstha customary lawNyaya edicts, announced law and Vyavahara evidence, conduct. A state, asserts Arthashastra text nitl verses 7. Scholars state that the Arthashastra was influential in Asian history. Essays in Honour of John F. Crime and punishment It is power and power alone which, only when exercised by the king with impartiality and in proportion to arthashzstra either over his son or his enemy, maintains both this world and the next.

I have been talking about this topic a great deal lately with my father so hopefully this will get him to see my point of view. Reading About the World, Vol. Alexander was thus forced to try to retreat.

The “call rights” and staggered bid buying is not truly ntii free market, states Trautmann. Journal of the American Oriental Society. When passion is roused in them, they should start quarrels by creating belief about their love in one and by going to another.

The Arthashastra theories are similar with some and in contrast to other alternate theories on war and peace in the ancient Indian tradition.